High school graduation in Kuopio1974
Medical doctor from Kuopio University1979
Specialist of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine1986
Academic Dissertation in Kuopio University1991
Associate Professor (Docent) of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Kuopio University1993
Qualification of UEMS in PRM1995
Qualification of UEMS on education and teaching in PRM1997 -
- requalification every fifth year. (2002, 2007, 2012)
Qualification in Pain Management (Finnish Medical Association)1998
Qualification in Rehabilitation (Finnish Medical Association2001
Qualification for Professorship in Sports Medicine in Jyväskylä University2003
Qualification for GCP and the investigator Responsibilities2015
Qualification for Professorship in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Helsinki University2017